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The Rulings of Ramadan
This is a brief outline of the matters pertaining to the blessed month of Ramadan, its virtues and the rulings which Allah Most High has commanded us with. The rulings of Islamic Sacred Law (Fiqh) in this work are taken from the Hanafi school of Islamic jurisprudence (Madhhab). This work has been compiled from Bada i‘ al-Sanai‘ by Imam al-Kasani and al-Fatawa al-Hindiyyah – two major works of Hanafi fiqh. The Hanafi school, established by Imam Nu‘man bin Thabit, more commonly known as Abu Hanifah (May Allah be well pleased with him) (d. A.H. 150), is one of the four schools of Islamic Orthodoxy (Ahl al-Sunnah wal-Jama‘ah) the other schools being the schools of Imam al-Shafi‘i (d. A.H. 204), Imam Malik (d. A.H. 179) and Imam Ahmad (d. A.H. 241).The rulings of a particular madhhab are changed and altered over time, as new evidence and understandings emerge, each time referring to the original principles (usul) by which the madhhab was laid down. Allah Most High commands us in the Quran: »Ask those who recall if you know not« (Surat al-Nahl, Ayah 43).It is this Divine Command that we follow when learning the shari‘ah and passing its knowledge on to others, meaning that we return to what the classical scholars have adhered to, ultimately returning to the primary sources of shari‘ah – the Quran and Sunnah. May Allah reward all those who spent their time and resources on the translating and checking of this work.
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